Colon and rectal cancer are currently one of the most common types of cancer in the world, only preceded by prostate and lung cancer in men and breast cancer in women. However, there are some tips you can follow to learn how to prevent colon cancer and live a healthy life.
Have a healthy diet
One of the tips to follow if you want to know how to prevent colon cancer is to have a diet rich in fruits and vegetables because they are effective in preventing malignant polyps. You should also moderate your intake of red meat, processed meat, cooked meat, and meat cooked in direct contact with fire.
Doctors recommend having a diet low in fat and high in fiber. Milk and dairy products are also promoted since they have a protective effect on the distal colon. An adequate intake of folate, calcium, and vitamin D in your diet is necessary, but these micronutrients should not be given as supplements for the prevention of colon cancer.
Having a regular exercise routine throughout the week is very advisable. It helps to avoid getting overweight and suffering from obesity. If you are a man who is currently suffering one of these two pathologies, you have higher risks of developing colon cancer.
Remember that being physically active has a lot of benefits for your health that ultimately lead to preventing colon cancer. It reduces stress, improves blood flow, and increases the oxygen present in the blood.
Avoid the consumption of drugs
As we said before folate, calcium, and vitamin D should not be taken as supplements. Try instead to always meet the daily requirements of these micronutrients in the natural way: by eating healthy foods.
In that same train of thought, it is not recommended to take acetylsalicylic acid and non- steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs in a systematic way. Nor should you take hormonal treatments as a preventive measure.
None of these drugs have any protective effect on your body nor do they reduce the risk of developing carcinogenic polyps in the long term. If you are consuming them to prevent cancer, the most probable thing is that they aren´t really working.
The last thing you should keep in mind if you want to know how to prevent colon cancer is to avoid smoking and moderate your consumption of alcohol. The more alcohol you ingest and the more cigarettes you smoke, the greater the risk of suffering from colon cancer.